Different Types Of Parenting Styles – In: 4 Parenting Styles in Developmental Psychology and Why They Matter to Your Parenting. Why gentle parenting or positive parenting is not the same as permissive parenting. A balanced approach is best.
As much as we wish it were true, unfortunately, children are not born with instructions attached to their hands. It is up to us as parents to figure out how to raise good, successful children.
Different Types Of Parenting Styles
If you’re thinking about what kind of parent you want to be, this article is a great place to start. The key to knowing your own parenting style is to understand the four parenting styles in developmental psychology.
Different Parenting Styles & Their Effects On Child Development
The four types of parenting styles in developmental psychology are based on the work of the late psychologist Diana Baumrind in the early 1960s. Ph.D. Bamrind and Stanford researchers Eleanor McCobi and John Martin found that each parenting style affects children’s behavior differently and falls into two dimensions or categories: responsiveness and demandingness.
Recently, psychologists have identified a third dimension, structure, the extent to which parents provide their children with a predictable, organized, and consistent environment.
Response, challenge and structure create a rich relationship between you and your child. Here are 4 parenting styles and their key characteristics and importance for child development.
A parent with an authoritative parenting style solves problems with the child. Instead of letting your child figure out what’s going on on their own, get down on their level and help them come up with ideas for solving the problem. You’re not giving them an answer, but you’re giving them a tool to work with when they’re around. These children are often self-disciplined and can think for themselves when conflict arises.
Types Of Parenting Styles And Their Effects On Kids Free Essay Example
An authoritative parent sets clear rules and expectations for their child. They have clear boundaries and rules and communicate with their child in a way that encourages cooperation through choices, feedback, and encouragement.
One of the most important characteristics of an authoritarian style is an open line of communication and natural consequences. Although there are clear rules and expectations, the child and parent must constantly discuss their needs and communicate and cooperate with each other in all areas. These natural consequences occur when a parent allows a child to do something they know will happen next time.
An authoritative parent uses discipline to teach the child and solve problems, not as punishment. This encourages autonomy in the child.
This parenting style is high on control and support. Even authoritative parents are prone to this
Parenting Styles: What Your Style Is And Why It Matters
For your children. Parents respond to their child’s social and emotional needs and set clear rules and expectations.
One study found that parents who used authoritative parenting practices had children who scored better on measures of social and emotional development (eg, play, confidence, anger management, interpersonal relationships, transition management, and behavior). Another study found that children of authoritative parents had better academic performance and better adjustment to college.
An authoritarian parenting style is parent-centered, not child-centered. This means that if these rules are not followed, the parent sets strict rules and punishments. The parent expects the child to listen and does not want the child to talk back. They are the authority and this should reflect the child’s behavior.
In an authoritarian parenting style, the lines of communication are often one-way. The social and emotional needs of the child are not a priority and the most important thing is that the child respects the rules and demands of the family. There is less flexibility regarding the child’s needs and less parental support, warmth and encouragement.
The 4 Attachment Styles And How They Form
Authoritarian parenting style has high control, low support and very high structure. Parents with this style expect obedience from their children and ignore their children’s emotional and social needs.
Longitudinal and cross-cultural studies show that harsh discipline predicts later behavior problems and lower self-esteem. In Japan, authoritarian parenting styles predicted poorer mental health (eg, symptom problems, concern for self and others, life functioning, and psychological well-being) in children in later adulthood.
Parents who use this parenting style are sometimes called neglectful parents because they are not involved or absent from their children. They provide little advice or care when a child is emotionally upset or needs help with a problem.
An uninvolved parent is indifferent to their child’s social-emotional and behavioral needs. This means that they often do not have the rules that apply in the family, and this behavior especially comes to the fore when children enter the classroom.
Types Of Parenting Styles
This parenting style lacks control and support. They do not demand much from their children and do not respond when they need emotional support. They also have a very low structure.
Children of uninvolved parents suffer dire consequences: cognitive decline, antisocial behavior, relationship problems, and even brain abnormalities. The good news is Dr. Amy Werner, who has studied the resilience of neglected children, says that all it takes to support a neglected child is a caring adult in the child’s life – a teacher, grandparent or counselor to encourage the child. The path of patience and hope.
A permissive parenting style often directs the child. The child runs the house and has no rules or expectations. To calm the child and avoid conflicts, the parent uses toys, sweets, television, etc. They prefer positive outcomes to anger and controlling behavior.
These parents are in regular contact with their children, but it’s a one-way street and the child will manage. These parents often take on the role of friend and provide some guidance or direction when conflict arises.
The 4 Different Parenting Styles: Which Is Right For You?
The parent-child relationship results in low demand and high responsiveness. Children of permissive parents often get what they want from their parents.
Yes, you can have screen time. When that time is up – it’s over. The line is clear. It’s okay if your child has borderline emotions. I can control my emotions, but the boundaries are consistent.
One study found a link between uninvolved or permissive parenting and high levels of youth delinquent behavior and depression. Another study found that a permissive parenting style was associated with a higher risk of children developing depression and Internet addiction.
A popular parenting style in recent years is the empathic approach to parenting. According to the University of Rochester Medical Center, empathic parenting is often characterized by heightened parental sensitivity and responsiveness to children’s distress, a loving and engaging style, and a style that uses firm rather than harsh discipline.
Exploring Parenting Styles Psychology: Tips & Insights
During development, the child learns to control the world, control his emotions and control the changes around him. A positive parenting style implies a high degree of parental response to the child’s basic needs and acceptance of the child’s individual needs, which may vary depending on the child’s personality. Parents are more likely to get down to eye level and get to know their child’s feelings before moving on to a solution. This teaches the child to accept that their feelings are valid and to think about how to solve the problem in a healthy way.
That doesn’t mean these parents don’t have rules, boundaries, or needs. This means that a parent’s job is to guide their child through big emotions and real-world situations in a healthy way, with all the rules and expectations.
In these cases, there are clear limits or restrictions on children’s behavior – jumping off the table, turning off the screen, no time to leave. A sensitive parent sets boundaries, validates the child’s feelings, and allows conflict resolution to begin.
Gentle or sensitive parenting styles, such as positive parenting, are often confused with permissive parenting. This is not the case. Effective and positive parenting is warm and respectful and has boundaries and limits. This is a balanced approach.
How To Identify Your Parenting Style And Adapt It To Fit Your Child’s Needs
These parenting styles were developed to categorize parents for research purposes—so they are variables at the extreme end of a continuum. At a given moment we can be a little more or less strict, a little warmer and understanding or less.
Another important caveat is that there may be some cultural differences – what predicts positive outcomes in the West may not be true in other cultures.
An overall balanced approach where you set clear boundaries and limits as well as warmth and sensitivity is essential.
In developmental psychology, we say that children raised in authoritative parenting styles are more likely to be independent, independent and socially competent. This parenting style goes well with emotional and positive parenting styles.
Types Of Parenting Styles In Developmental Psychology And Why It Matters
The key to finding the perfect fit (Goldilocks, if you will) of parenting styles is flexibility. Successful parents learn to adapt. This balance may look different from family to family, but it is an important part of the challenge and response.
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