Various Parenting Styles

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Various Parenting Styles – A psychologist explains 4 types of parents. Here’s how to find which style is right for you

Because kids don’t come with textbooks, parents often struggle to decide how to raise mentally strong, well-rounded, and successful children. Some parents are strict and others are lenient. Some are attentive while others are distant.

Various Parenting Styles

“What kind of parent do I want to be?” has ever crossed your mind, it helps to understand the basics of different parenting styles.

Connection Over Control: An Explanation Of The Four Different Parenting Styles

The four main parenting styles used in child psychology today—permissive, authoritative, neglectful, and authoritarian—are based on the work of developmental psychologist Diana Baumrind and Stanford researchers Eleanor McCobb and John Martin.

Each parenting style has different effects on children’s behavior and can be characterized by certain characteristics as well as levels of responsiveness (how warm and sensitive parents are to their children’s needs) and demandingness (how much control parents have over their children). trying to influence their behavior).

Permissive parents are more likely to assume the role of friend than parent to their children. They prefer to avoid conflict and often give in to their children’s demands at the first sign of discomfort. These parents let their children do what they want and provide limited guidance or direction.

Authoritative parents are caring, supportive, and often responsive to their children’s needs. They guide their children through open and honest discussions to teach values ​​and logic. Children with authoritarian parents are self-disciplined and can think for themselves.

Parenting Styles: What Your Style Is And Why It Matters

Sometimes called uninvolved parenting, this style is exemplified by a general sense of indifference. Neglectful parents have limited contact with their children and rarely enforce rules. They can also come across as cold and uncaring – but not always on purpose as they are often dealing with their own issues.

This strict parenting style uses strict discipline, often justifying it as “tough love.” In an effort to be completely in control, authoritarian parents often talk to their children without requiring input or feedback.

Children of authoritarian parents are not immune to mental health problems, relationship problems, substance abuse, poor self-regulation, or low self-esteem, and these traits are more common in children of parents who strongly favor authoritarian and permissive parenting styles. without interruption.

Of course, there is no “one size fits all” when it comes to parenting. You don’t have to subscribe to just one type, as you may want to use different parenting methods from time to time – but in moderation.

Parenting Styles: Differences, Impact And How To Find Yours

The most successful parents know when to change their style depending on the situation. For example, an authoritarian parent may want to ease the situation when the child is sick by keeping warm and relinquishing control (eg, you can have some ice cream for lunch and dinner).

And if the child’s safety is at stake, a permissive parent may be strict when crossing a busy street (eg, “You’re going to hold my hand”).

At the end of the day, use your best judgment and remember what parenting style is best for your family.

Francine Zeltser is a child psychologist, school psychologist, teacher’s aide and mother of two. She promotes a supportive and problem-solving approach in which her patients learn adaptive strategies to manage challenges and work toward short-term and long-term goals. his work

Why Permissive Parenting Falls Short

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What kind of parent are you? Today, experts in the field of psychology recognize four different parenting styles: authoritative, authoritarian, permissive, and neglectful. These different approaches have unique strengths and weaknesses. Let’s look at how each style affects children and their risk of anxiety.

In the 1960s, psychologist Diana Baumrind conducted research on 100 preschoolers and their parents, and psychologists Eleanor McCobb and John Martin later identified three different parenting styles (authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive) that they added to a fourth category. Observations were used. This. neglect or negligence). These four categories define parenting styles based on differences in two main factors: warmth (reactivity) and control (mandatory). Authoritative parents have high levels of control and little warmth. Both authoritarian parenting factors are high. A permissive parent has a low level of control, but a high level of closeness. And parental negligence is less than both of these things. The characteristics of each parenting style are described below.

A Look At The Different Generations And How They Parent

Authoritative parents have high levels of control and little warmth. By assuming the role of disciplinarian, the authoritarian parent demands respect while emphasizing submission. They are often strict and punitive and demand that their children follow instructions without question. This type of parent usually uses phrases like “do as I say, not as I do” or “because I said so.” Although highly critical, they rarely offer praise or affection, which often causes children to become less independent and fearful of their parents.

Authoritarian parents have high levels of privacy and control. Parents can exercise control and guidance through reasonable limits and discipline while maintaining a supportive, non-judgmental environment. Authoritarian parents want their children to be independent individuals and often see compromise as the best way. Children are allowed to express their opinions in a respectful manner.

A permissive parent has a low level of control, but a high level of closeness. Without many restrictions, children are free to do whatever they want without fear of disciplinary action. Permissive parents don’t want to disappoint their children and entertain the idea of ​​being their child’s best friend.

And parental neglect is less warmth and control. Neglected parents show little love and affection to their children with little intervention and support and little guidance. With little structure in the home, neglectful parents often have distant relationships with their children, as children learn that they cannot rely on their parents for support.

Different Parenting Styles Free Essay Example

Since Baumrind first published his studies, much research has been done on the positive and negative effects of different parenting styles on children. Here are the pros and cons of each style, starting with what is considered the most harmful, as determined by experts:

The general consensus about parental neglect is that it has a negative impact on children. This type of parent is so involved in their children’s lives that they hardly ask for them, but they do not give them love or warmth. While this parenting style can lead to a more dependent attachment style in the child, which can be a positive outcome, children with permissive parenting often have low self-esteem and poor social skills because they haven’t learned how to interact healthily with their parents. Because . . . This can make them more emotionally needy or separate in future relationships. It is important to remember that sometimes parental neglect is unintentional and is a direct result of the parent being overworked or struggling with a mental illness or substance abuse disorder. Raised by neglectful parents, parents can also become neglectful. Also, parental neglect should not be confused with the initial distress or detachment a mother may feel in the postpartum period, where she is encouraged to talk to her doctor about her concerns.

Authoritative parents set high standards and demand conformity, which gives children the structure they need and can set them up to be incredibly goal-oriented and committed to doing the “right” thing. But authoritarian parents’ lack of closeness and attention to their children can lead to stubbornness and resentment in strict parents. Children with authoritarian parents often have low self-esteem, poor social skills, and high levels of depression because they never have the freedom to express themselves or stand up for themselves. If severely punished at home, these children may develop violent or aggressive behavior with their peers or later in life. Children of authoritarian parents are also less creative because they are always told to follow the rules and never allowed to think outside the box.

Permissive parents do not demand much from their children but show them a high level of affection. This type of parenting involves warm and loving behavior toward children, as well as a lack of discipline, limits, and standards for behavior and academic performance. Permissive children may have high self-esteem, be emotionally close to their parents, and may feel free to engage in risky behavior, even if they tend to be more creative. They can also be disrespectful

Parenting Styles And Effective Child Discipline