Different Parenting Approaches – A psychologist explains 4 types of parenting. Here’s how to find which style is right for you
Because children don’t come with manuals, parents often struggle to learn how to raise mentally strong, well-rounded and successful children. Some parents are strict, some are lenient. Some are alert, some are distant.
Different Parenting Approaches
Have you ever wondered “What kind of parent do I want to be?” helps you understand the basics of different parenting styles.
Parenting Styles And Outcomes
The four main parenting styles used in child psychology today (permissive, authoritarian, neglectful, and authoritarian) are based on the work of developmental psychologist Diana Baumrind and Stanford researchers Eleanor Maccoby and John Martin.
Each parenting style has different effects on children’s behavior and can be characterized by degrees of responsiveness (how warm and sensitive parents are to their children’s needs) and demandingness (the level of parental control over their children), as well as certain characteristics. ) to influence their behavior).
Permissive parents take on a friendship role with their children rather than a parenting role. They prefer to avoid conflict and often give in to their children’s demands at the first sign of trouble. These parents usually let their children do whatever they want and offer limited guidance or direction.
Authoritarian parents nurture, support, and often meet their children’s needs. They guide children through open and honest discussions to teach values and ideas. Children with authoritarian parents tend to be self-disciplined and able to think for themselves.
Navigating Different Parenting Styles In A Blended Family
Sometimes called passive parenting, this style is characterized by a general sense of stupidity. Neglected parents have limited involvement with their children and rarely enforce rules. They are also seen as cold and irresponsible; but this is not always on purpose as they often struggle with their own problems.
This strict parenting style uses strict discipline, often referred to as “tough love.” Authoritarian parents often talk to their children without asking for input or feedback in order to maintain total control.
Although children of authoritarian parents are not immune to psychological problems, relationship difficulties, substance abuse, poor self-regulation, or low self-esteem, these characteristics are more likely to occur in children of parents who use strict authoritarian, permissive, or uninvolved parenting. . styles.
Of course, there is no “one size fits all” when it comes to parenting. You don’t have to subscribe to just one type, as sometimes you may need to use a variety of parenting approaches, but do so in moderation.
Baumrind’s Parenting Styles And What They Mean For Kids
The most successful parents know when to change their style depending on the situation. For example, an authoritarian parent may want to be more gentle when his/her child is sick, keep warm, and relinquish some control (eg, “Sure, you can have some ice cream for lunch and dinner.”).
Alternatively, the permissive parent may become stricter if the child’s safety is at risk, for example, when crossing a busy street (eg, “You’re going to hold my hand whether you like it or not.”).
At the end of the day, use your best judgment and remember the parenting style that works best for your family.
Francyne Zeltser is a child psychologist, school psychologist, assistant professor and mother of two. She promotes a supportive, problem-solving approach in which her patients learn adaptive strategies to manage problems and work toward achieving short- and long-term goals. His works were exhibited
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About us Our news standards Submit a customer complaint Submit photo and video contests Our practices Newsletter Cozi TV “Four categories describe parenting styles based on the variation of two key factors: warmth (responsiveness) and control (strictness).” ↓ share SHARE Share on Facebook TWEET Share on Twitter PIN IT Share on Pinterest
How are you parents? Psychologists today recognize four different parenting styles: authoritarian, authoritarian, indulgent, and neglectful. These different approaches have unique strengths and weaknesses. Let’s take a look at how each style affects children and how it can affect their risk of anxiety.
In the 1960s, psychologist Diana Baumrind studied 100 preschoolers and their parents and used her observations to distinguish three different parenting styles (authoritarian, authoritarian, and permissive). Psychologists Eleanor Maccoby and John Martin later added a fourth category (anxiety or apathy). not included). The four categories describe parenting styles based on variation in two key factors: warmth (responsiveness) and control (strictness). Authoritarian parents have a high level of control and low temper. Authoritative parenting is high on both factors. Permissive parents are low in control but high in warmth. Neglected parenting is low on both factors. The characteristics of each parenting style are summarized below:
Characteristics Of Parenting Styles And Their Effects On Adolescent Development
Authoritarian parents have a high level of control and low temper. Authoritarian parents assume the role of disciplinarian, demand respect, and emphasize obedience. They are often strict and punitive and require children to follow instructions without question. These types of parents often use phrases like “As I say, not as I do” or “Because I said so.” Although they are harsh in criticism, they rarely show praise and love, often resulting in children being less independent and fearful of their parents.
Authoritative parents are high in warmth and control. While parents maintain a supportive and non-judgmental environment, they can also provide control and guidance with reasonable limits and discipline. Authoritarian parents want their children to be independent and often see compromise as the best way. Children are allowed to express their opinions as long as it is respectful.
Permissive parents are low in control but high in warmth. Because there are not many restrictions, children are free to do whatever they want without fear of disciplinary punishment. Tolerant parents do not want to disappoint their children and love the idea of being their child’s best friend.
Neglecting parents provide little warmth and control. Neglectful parents are divorced and offer little support to their children, showing little love and affection as well as little guidance. Because there is little structure in the home, neglectful parents often develop distant relationships with their children as the children learn that they cannot rely on their parents for support.
Parenting Styles Powerpoint Appendix+b+
Since Baumrind first published his work, there have been many studies on the positive and negative effects of different parenting styles on children. Here are the pros and cons of each style as determined by experts, starting with what is considered the most harmful:
The general consensus about neglectful parents is that it has a negative effect on children. Such parents are so little involved in their children’s lives that they make almost no demands on them, but at the same time they show no love or warmth. Although this parenting style can lead to a child’s attachment style becoming more confident, which can be a positive outcome, children with neglectful parents often have low self-esteem and poor social skills because they have not learned how to interact with their parents. contact yourself. a healthy way. . . This can also cause them to become more emotionally needy or withdrawn in future relationships. It’s important to remember that sometimes neglectful parenting is unintentional and a direct result of a parent being overworked or struggling with a mental health condition or substance abuse disorder. Parents may also be neglectful because they were raised by caring parents. Neglectful parenting should also not be confused with the initial anxiety or indifference a mother may feel in the postpartum period, when she is encouraged to talk to a doctor to address her concerns.
Authoritarian parents set high standards and demand compliance; This gives children the structure they need and can make them incredibly goal-oriented and determined to do the “right” thing. However, the warmth and indifference of authoritarian parents towards their children leads to rebellion and resentment against the strictness of parents. Children of authoritarian parents often have low self-esteem, poor social skills, and high levels of depression because they are never free to speak their mind or stand up for themselves. If harsh punishments are used at home, these children may turn to violent and aggressive behavior towards their peers or in the future. Children of authoritarian parents are also less creative because they are always told to accept the rules and never allowed to think outside the box.
Tolerant parents do not demand much from their children, but show them a high level of love. Although this type of parenting includes warm and loving behavior toward children, it also lacks the discipline, boundaries, and standards necessary for behavior and academic performance. Although children with permissive parents have high self-esteem, emotional closeness to their parents, and a greater willingness to be creative, they may be reluctant to engage in risky behaviors. They may also act disrespectfully.