Easy Paper Recycling And Side Income Stream For Everyone – An Alternative Evaluation of Supported Organic Materials to Improve Water Reuse in Constructed Wetlands Under Acid Mining Landscape
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Easy Paper Recycling And Side Income Stream For Everyone
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For Most Things, Recycling Harms The Environment
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By Malou van der Vegt 1, * , Evert-Jan Velzing 1 , Martijn Rietbergen 1 and Rhiannon Hunt 2
How Cities Can Boost Recycling Rates
Received: May 18, 2022 / Reviewed: June 24, 2022 / Accepted: June 27, 2022 / Published: June 29, 2022
Recycling and recycling is receiving increasing attention, but the amount of recycled plastic in new products is still low. In order to accelerate the development of enterprises, it is useful to examine the obstacles, sources of energy, the need and the need to ultimately increase the use of recycled plastic food to produce new plastic products. During the 6 focus group sessions we conducted, the value chain approach was used to map the factors that stakeholders face in implementing recycled materials. The identified factors are located on three levels: determining whether a certain factor acts as a barrier or an enabler, determining the phases of the value chain that are directly affected by this factor and in which category it can be classified. The results are further elaborated by translating the (rather abstract) business needs into (specific) industry needs. This study identified eight business requirements that require action from other stakeholders in the value chain: design for recycling, optimal waste treatment, standards, materials knowledge, capability demonstration, information and education, cooperation and regulation, and intervention of the government. The main scientific contribution is the vision of the value chain and the relevance of the results. Future studies could delve into the individual factors identified.
Plastic is a widely used material due to its many advantages and intrinsic properties: it is cheap, very light, durable, fast and efficient in production, heat resistant and non-reactive, which makes the material suitable for a wide use. Therefore, plastic has become indispensable in recent years, increasing its demand and use worldwide . While the functional life of plastic products is potentially hundreds of years, the material often remains usable longer than the plastic product can remain in use and fit for purpose. As the demand for plastic is expected to increase in the coming years and the resource to decrease, there is a need to use plastic waste in a more resource-efficient way .
Currently, the European approach to waste management is not resource efficient. Current systems and measures in the European Union lead to the loss of 95% of the value of plastic packaging materials after the first short use . Most of the plastic waste that is separated and mixed is burned. This is a missed opportunity as research has shown that most plastics can be recovered and reused in new products . Industry, society and policy makers are recognizing these opportunities, indicating a shift in thinking towards a circular economy (CE), where products and materials are used by design with less waste and pollution .
Industrial Recycling & Sustainability Solutions
As a result, the European Commission adopted the European Strategy for Plastics in the Circular Economy , which it sets out by outlining its vision of a circular economy for plastics. This paper describes the challenges, strategies and opportunities used to achieve the production and consumption of many circular plastic products . The main way to implement the circular economy of plastics is recycling. The European Commission expects big changes in 2030, such as making plastic waste ‘easier’ to recycle and creating a market for recycled plastic . Europe’s target has been set to recycle 50% of plastic packaging by 2025, with some countries introducing more ambitious targets, such as 70% by 2025 in the Netherlands  and the UK [8 ] and 63% in 2022 in Germany. . The European Union has also set a target for the percentage of recycled content in plastic products, requiring at least 25% recycled content in PET bottles . Again, each country sets its own targets beyond this, such as 35% recycled content in single-use plastic products and packaging in the Netherlands  and an average of 30% recycled content in all plastic packaging in the United Kingdom [8. ].
Although recycling and recycling have received increasing attention in Europe, only 32.5% of the total waste stream was collected for recycling in 2018 . Plastic packaging waste has a recycling rate of over 41% in 2019 . This leads to further opportunities for the exploitation of plastic waste . To achieve a higher recycling rate and increase the amount of recycling in new plastic products and packaging, it is necessary to identify and compare the factors influencing business adoption of new products.
The main objective of this study is to understand the need to increase the consumption of recycled materials and incorporate them into new products. To understand what the business needs from other players in the value chain, it is important to first identify the challenges facing the business; Factors that enable them to use recycled materials; and the tools, resources and conditions they need to increase recycling. Therefore, this study clearly researched the main obstacles and factors that organizations face and their needs when using recycled plastic raw materials to produce new plastic products. These factors are mapped along the value chain to determine how they affect each step. An important industrial need to increase the acceptance of secondary compounds by manufacturers was derived from these results and studied further and in detail.
This research was funded by the Interegg North-West Europe project. Therefore, the scope of this study was limited in this area, with companies and organizations from the Netherlands, England and Germany participating in the study. Additionally, there is a focus on post-consumer waste. This is because plastic from post-consumer sources presents additional recycling challenges compared to industrial plastic waste, which benefits from a mono-normal material flow, existing recycling channels and a simpler value chain. Furthermore, this study focused on the mechanical processing of the material. Alternative processes are recognised, such as chemical recycling (for example, the reconversion of waste plastic into monomers for repolymerisation into virgin grade plastic); However, they are considered to be outside the scope of this study.
Kids Super Guide To Recycling
The general outline of this document is as follows: Section 2 covers the theoretical background, reviewing the current literature to provide a general understanding of the factors influencing recycling and recycling. Then, the empirical research method, i.e. The use of multiple focus group meetings is described in Section 3. Findings are presented in Section 4, which is the basis for the discussion and conclusions presented in Sections 5 and 6.
Although there is a focus on the growth of recycling and recycling in Europe and an increasing number of organizations are willing to implement such practices, EC practices have made little progress [11, 12, 13], limiting the recycling of plastics  in the practice. Therefore, it is important to identify and compare the different factors influencing the performance of the plastic waste cycle .
Since recycling is considered indispensable to close the loop , it is often considered circular . Circularity can be seen as a general ‘umbrella’ concept, with many barriers and enablers applying to different circular strategies (e.g. customer needs). This factor has been extensively investigated in the current literature; For example, see [12, 16, 17]. Other studies have focused on plastic-specific barriers and activators (for example, see [11, 18]) and/or recycling (for example, see [1, 2, 19]). The study included issues specific to recycling (such as poor quality materials), while others were specific to certain sectors.